Cannabis Plant Science

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Just for clarification purposes, the cannabis plant has two species, marijuana and hemp. Although, only one produces THC, both species are still illegal in some jurisdictions.

CANNABIS PLANT (one plant – two species)

            MARIJUANA (THC)     HEMP (CBD)

Both species of the cannabis plant can produce multiple products for everyday use, not just the obvious. Hemp produces fiber that can be made into cloth that rivals cotton in strength and durability. Producing paper from hemp has the potential to save a whole lot of trees! If the popularity of CBD oil alone from both species of the cannabis plant does not impress you, I challenge you to do your own research on the many versatile uses of the cannabis species.

Science has shown us that our bodies have always had an ECS (endocannabinoid system) in the brain and throughout the body and immune system. The cannabis plant has over 400 chemicals with 60 of them being cannabinoids. Cannabinoids attach themselves to receptors throughout the brain and body. When cannabis is introduced into the blood stream the cannabinoids attach to the cannabinoid receptors in the body.
THC attaches to the CB1 receptors found throughout the body but primarily in the brain and nervous system.
CBD attaches to the CB2 receptors more commonly found in the immune system.

CBD (Cannabidiol)
CBN (cannabinol)
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)
CBG (cannabigerol)
CBC (cannabichromene)
THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin)

AEA (anandamide)
2-AG (arachidonoylglycerol)

Each one of the phyto and endo cannabinoids have a separate function in the body that will be explored in more depth in future issues. It is also worth mentioning the ever-present terpenes which provide the plant essential oils taste and smell, and flavonoids which provide the plant color and protection from outside harmful elements, some of which are unique the cannabis plant.